The district is the largest of the four districts of Sikkim. The landscape is mountainous with dense vegetation all the way up to the alpine altitude before thinning out to desert scrub towards the Northern Tundra. Numerous waterfalls astride the main road make the trip to this district extremely picturesque. The most prominent effect of the steepness of the valleys is the prevalence of landslides that at times drop to anything between 3000 to 5,000 ft (1,500 m) carrying devastation along their course. Most of them are caused either by the melting snow beds on top of the mountains or by erosive action of the rains. Most of the people of the state reside near Mangan, the district headquarters which is about 2,000 feet (610 m) above sea level. Further north the elevation increases with the vegetation turning from temperate to alpine to tundra. Temperatures range from about 25° to below -40° in the extreme high reaches where the altitude is in excess of 6,000 meters. Kanchenjunga is the highest peak at over 8,000 m, straddling its eastern border with Nepal and can be seen clearly from the town of Singhik. District is divided in four Subdivisions named Mangan, Dzongu, Kabi and Chungthang.
North Sikkim District Population 2011 –
in 2011, North Sikkim had population of 43,709 of which male and female were 24,730 and 18,979 respectively. In 2001 census, North Sikkim had a population of 41,030 of which males were 23,414 and remaining 17,616 were females.
North Sikkim District Density 2011 –
The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of North Sikkim district for 2011 is 10 people per sq. km. In 2001, North Sikkim district density was at 10 people per sq. km. North Sikkim district administers 4,226 square kilometers of areas.
North Sikkim Sex Ratio –
2011 With regards to Sex Ratio in North Sikkim, it stood at 767 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 752. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. In 2011 census, child sex ratio is 929 girls per 1000 boys compared to figure of 995 girls per 1000 boys of 2001 census data.